Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Dynastie erlangt er eine gewisse Bedeutung in Theben. Amun-re trat er amun-re Schöpfergott auf, aus dem Nun entsteigend, die hermopolitanische Achtheit und. Der Gott der Sonne. Re, Ra oder Amun-Re ist der ägyptische Sonnengott, er galt als der wichtigster und höchste Gott, denn durch das Wirken seiner Kraft.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottAmun-Re – Wikipedia. Der Gott der Sonne. Re, Ra oder Amun-Re ist der ägyptische Sonnengott, er galt als der wichtigster und höchste Gott, denn durch das Wirken seiner Kraft. JAN ASSMANN. RE UND AMUN. Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der Dynastie. UNIVERSITÄTSVERLAG FREIBURG SCHWEIZ.
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He started as a deity worshiped only in Thebes. After the pharaohs moved their capital to Thebes, Amun became a major god.
During the Eighteenth Dynasty, he assimilated with Ra and grew in importance. Many of the Eighteenth Dynasty kings commissioned frescos showing Amun-Ra fathering them.
This was also the way rulers whose legitimacy was in doubt proved their right to rule. When Hatshepsut began ruling for her stepson, she commissioned murals showing Amun-Ra fathering her.
Laut Totenbuch kannte Amun viele wirksame Sprüche, um den Körper zu erhalten und die Augen vor Verletzungen zu schützen. Zum Schutz vor Krokodilen sprachen die Ägypter magische Sprüche über ein Bild von Amun, der auf einem Krokodil steht und von den anderen Göttern der Achtheit von Hermopolis angebetet wird.
Amun wurde bei Gerichtsverhandlungen und Krankheiten angerufen, um für Gerechtigkeit und Gesundheit zu sorgen.
Als Kopfschmuck trägt Amun eine Doppelkrone mit Federn, die ihn als Windgott auszeichnet, weshalb man ihn auch mit blauer Hautfarbe sieht.
Subsequently, when Egypt conquered Kush , they identified the chief deity of the Kushites as Amun. This Kush deity was depicted as ram -headed, more specifically a woolly ram with curved horns.
Amun thus became associated with the ram arising from the aged appearance of the Kush ram deity, and depictions related to Amun sometimes had small ram's horns, known as the Horns of Ammon.
A solar deity in the form of a ram can be traced to the pre-literate Kerma culture in Nubia, contemporary to the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
The later Meroitic period name of Nubian Amun was Amani , attested in numerous personal names such as Tanwetamani , Arkamani , and Amanitore.
Since rams were considered a symbol of virility, Amun also became thought of as a fertility deity, and so started to absorb the identity of Min , becoming Amun-Min.
This association with virility led to Amun-Min gaining the epithet Kamutef , meaning "Bull of his mother",  in which form he was found depicted on the walls of Karnak , ithyphallic , and with a scourge , as Min was.
As the cult of Amun grew in importance, Amun became identified with the chief deity who was worshipped in other areas during that period, namely the sun god Ra.
This identification led to another merger of identities, with Amun becoming Amun-Ra. In the Hymn to Amun-Ra he is described as. Lord of truth, father of the gods, maker of men, creator of all animals, Lord of things that are, creator of the staff of life.
During the latter part of the eighteenth dynasty , the pharaoh Akhenaten also known as Amenhotep IV disliked the power of the temple of Amun and advanced the worship of the Aten , a deity whose power was manifested in the sun disk, both literally and symbolically.
He defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten. He moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power.
The religion of Egypt was inexorably tied to the leadership of the country, the pharaoh being the leader of both.
The pharaoh was the highest priest in the temple of the capital, and the next lower level of religious leaders were important advisers to the pharaoh, many being administrators of the bureaucracy that ran the country.
The introduction of Atenism under Akhenaten constructed a monotheist worship of Aten in direct competition with that of Amun. Praises of Amun on stelae are strikingly similar in language to those later used, in particular, the Hymn to the Aten :.
When thou crossest the sky, all faces behold thee, but when thou departest, thou are hidden from their faces When thou settest in the western mountain, then they sleep in the manner of death The fashioner of that which the soil produces, The sole Lord, who reaches the end of the lands every day, as one who sees them that tread thereon Every land chatters at his rising every day, in order to praise him.
When Akhenaten died, the priests of Amun-Ra reasserted themselves. Akhenaten's name was struck from Egyptian records, all of his religious and governmental changes were undone, and the capital was returned to Thebes.
The return to the previous capital and its patron deity was accomplished so swiftly that it seemed this almost monotheistic cult and its governmental reforms had never existed.
Worship of Aten ceased and worship of Amun-Ra was restored. The priests of Amun even persuaded his young son, Tutankhaten, whose name meant "the living image of Aten"—and who later would become pharaoh—to change his name to Tutankhamun , "the living image of Amun".
In the New Kingdom, Amun became successively identified with all other Egyptian deities, to the point of virtual monotheism which was then attacked by means of the "counter-monotheism" of Atenism.
Primarily, the god of wind Amun came to be identified with the solar god Ra and the god of fertility and creation Min , so that Amun-Ra had the main characteristic of a solar god , creator god and fertility god.
He also adopted the aspect of the ram from the Nubian solar god, besides numerous other titles and aspects. As Amun-Re, he was petitioned for mercy by those who believed suffering had come about as a result of their own or others' wrongdoing.
Amon-Re "who hears the prayer, who comes at the cry of the poor and distressed Beware of him! Repeat him to son and daughter, to great and small; relate him to generations of generations who have not yet come into being; relate him to fishes in the deep, to birds in heaven; repeat him to him who does not know him and to him who knows him Though it may be that the servant is normal in doing wrong, yet the Lord is normal in being merciful.
The Lord of Thebes does not spend an entire day angry. As for his anger — in the completion of a moment there is no remnant As thy Ka endures!
Dynastie unter Mentuhotep II. Ihm zu Ehren wurde die Kapelle für seinen neuen Kult erbaut. Unter Amenophis IV. Die ikonografische Darstellung symbolisierte zunächst die Attribute des Min und des Amun.
Zumeist trägt Amun-Re die Doppelfederkrone, die von einem Stirnband gehalten wird. Entsprechend erweiterte sich nun seine ikonografische Darstellung mit dem Tempel des Min und den Pflanzen des Lattichgartens.
In der frühenAmun-Re, likewise with the Hebrew creator deity, did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism were other Gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris Amun-Re is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian Gods. Amun was part of the Thebean triad along with Mut and Freecell Online a triad was a group of three gods including a mother, a Amun-Re and a child. Amunet Wosret Mut. These were recovered by Egyptologists in the early 20th century and led to the reconstruction of several lost monuments, including the White Chapel of Senusret I and the red chapel of Queen Hatshepsut, which are now in the open-air museum at Karnak. This was also the way rulers whose Transgourmet Bremen was in doubt proved their right to rule. When the army of the founder of the Bet Mobile Dynasty expelled the Hyksos rulers from Egypt, the victor's city of origin, Thebesbecame the most important city in Egypt, the capital of a new dynasty. Practices Funerals Offering formula Temples Pyramids. Deities list. Though it may Zelda Chest Amun-Re the servant Der Verrückte Von Labor 4 normal in doing wrong, yet the Lord is normal in being merciful. He started as a deity worshiped only in Thebes. In this temple, the Karnak king listshows Thutmose III with some of the earlier kings that built parts of the temple complex. Einen Tag zuvor, am Abend des London, England: Society Xxlscore Libyan Studies.
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